AskDefine | Define federate

Dictionary Definition

federate adj : united under a central government [syn: federated]


1 enter into a league for a common purpose; "The republics federated to become the Soviet Union" [syn: federalize, federalise]
2 unite on a federal basis or band together as a league; "The country was federated after the civil war" [syn: federalize, federalise]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. To unite in a federation


  1. federated, united in an alliance or federation

Extensive Definition

The term "fédérés" (sometimes translated to English as "federates") most commonly refers to the troops who volunteered for the French National Guard in the summer of 1792 during the French Revolution. The fédérés of 1792 effected a transformation of the Guard from a constitutional monarchist force into a republican revolutionary force.
"Fédérés" has several other closely related meanings, also discussed in this article.

The fédérés of 1790

The term "fédérés" derives from the fête de la Fédération, the annual celebration during the revolutionary era, celebrated at the Champ de Mars in Paris on the anniversary of the storming of the Bastille. The Bastille fell on July 14, 1789. At the first fête de la Fédération (1790) Talleyrand performed a Mass, Lafayette addressed the crowd, and Louis XVI gave a secular sermon. The attendees, known as fédérés, came from all over France and brought the spirit of the revolution back to the provinces.

The fédérés of 1792

However, the term "fédérés" as used by historians today almost always refers to the volunteer troops of 1792. The 1792 fête was of a far more radical nature than that two years earlier, and prefigured the insurrection on the 10th of August. The Legislative Assembly had called for a camp outside Paris for 20,000 "fédérés" to protect the city from the impending invasion of France by the troops of the Prussian Duke of Brunswick, but the king had vetoed this. Nonetheless, thousands came.

The fédérés of 1871

The term "fédérés" was revived during the Paris Commune. The Communards' Wall is known in French as the Mur de Fédérés.

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

act in concert, act together, affiliate, ally, amalgamate, associate, band, band together, be in cahoots, be in league, bunch, bunch up, cabal, cement a union, centralize, club, club together, coact, coalesce, collaborate, collude, combine, come together, concert, concord, concur, confederate, consociate, consolidate, conspire, cooperate, couple, do business with, federalize, fuse, gang, gang up, get heads together, get together, go in partners, go in partnership, go partners, hang together, harmonize, hold together, hook up, hook up with, join, join forces, join fortunes with, join in, join together, join up with, join with, keep together, league, league together, make common cause, marry, merge, organize, pair, pair off, partner, play ball, pull together, put heads together, reciprocate, stand together, stand up with, team up, team up with, team with, throw in together, throw in with, tie in, tie in with, tie up, tie up with, unionize, unite, unite efforts, unite with, wed, work together
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